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LatinNews Daily - 02 April 2019

Main Briefing
On 1 April, Uruguay’s President Tabaré Vázquez dismissed his defence minister, the commander of the army, and placed into early retirement five army generals over revelations that they failed to punish former army officers who confessed to the killing and disappearing of individuals during the military dictatorship (1973-1985)...
Andean
On 1 April, the president of Venezuela’s supreme court (TSJ), Maikel Moreno, called upon the government-controlled constituent assembly to strip Juan Guaidó, the opposition figurehead and widely recognised interim president, of his legislative immunity from prosecution...
* Peru’s national statistics institute (Inei) has released its latest figures for the national consumer price index (CPI), which show that monthly inflation stood at 0.68% in March 2019, totalling an accumulated 0.88% in the first quarter of the year...
Brazil
On 1 April, activists from Greenpeace Israel called upon Brazil’s President Jair Bolsonaro to put an end to the destruction of the Amazon, displaying banners with this message in Jerusalem on the second day of Bolsonaro’s official visit to Israel...
* Brazil’s secretary of foreign trade (Secex) in the economy ministry has released the latest trade balance figures, which show that Brazil registered a trade surplus of US$4.99bn in March, a 22.3% decrease on the trade surplus recorded in March 2018...
Central America & Caribbean
On 1 April, Guatemala’s electoral authorities (TSE) revoked the candidacy of Thelma Aldana, a former attorney general (2014-2018), who was running for the new centre-left Movimiento Semilla in the June general election...
* Nicaragua’s central bank (BCN) has released its annual economic report for 2018, according to which the country’s GDP contracted by 3.8% last year...
Mexico
On 1 April, Mexico's President Andrés Manuel López Obrador said his government would maintain a “close and respectful” relationship with the US administration led by President Donald Trump...
* Mexico’s finance ministry (SHCP) projects that the country’s GDP growth will stand between 1.1% and 2.1% in 2019, a downwards revision from projections published in December 2018...
Southern Cone
* Figures from Uruguay’s economy & finance ministry (MEF) show that the country’s fiscal deficit increased to 4.5% of GDP in February, after discounting the effects of the recent changes to the national pension system...

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