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Security & Strategic Review - October 2019

Leader
Corruption is a massive issue in Latin America and is responsible for many of the problems that continue to affect the continent...
Andean Countries
The announcement on 29 August by Luciano Marín Arango (‘Iván Márquez’) that he and other leaders of the Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia (Farc) were rejecting the peace agreement and resuming an armed struggle against the government may, or may not, change the dynamics of the country’s armed groups...
A ruthless crime in Lima has been getting blanket coverage on social media and in the Peruvian popular press...
The valley of the Apurímac, Ene, and Mantaro rivers (Vraem) in south-eastern Peru is the country’s largest illegal coca growing area...
In its annual report, released on 22 August 2019, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) found that the overall volume of coca cultivated in Bolivia in 2018 had declined by 6% from 2017 figures...
Brazil & Southern Cone
The Fórum Brasileiro de Segurança Pública (FBSP), a public security think-tank, has published the 13th edition of its annual public security report, one of the leading sources of information on countrywide crime statistics in Brazil...
A series of recent security failings in Paraguay have led to a shake-up in the leadership of the country’s public security institutions, as members of the police force, penitentiary system, and government have been turfed-out for ills ranging from negligence to corruption and criminal association...
Several large cocaine seizures traced back to Uruguay have drawn attention to the drug trafficking flows from the small South American nation, generally considered a comparatively peaceful and crime-free country...
Argentina has been cooperating closely with the US on the security front, for example pursuing coordinated efforts to fight arms trafficking [SSR-19-08] and following the US’s lead by listing Hezbollah a terrorist organisation [SSR-19-09]...
Mexico
“We have not yet completely eradicated fuel theft…but we will.” This is how Mexico’s President Andrés Manuel López Obrador described the progress his administration has made in combating fuel theft (locally known as ‘huachicoleo’) since assuming office in December 2018...
Mexico’s President Andrés Manuel López Obrador said his government would adopt an integral strategy to combat drug trafficking in the country, one that would not only focus on combatting drug trafficking organisations (DTOs) but also address some of the socioeconomic factors that allow them to thrive...
Since August, thousands of women have taken to the streets of Mexico City (CDMX) and other cities around the country to protest against gender violence...
Central America & Caribbean
While headlines have often focussed on external migration by nationals from Central America’s Northern Triangle (El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras) mainly to Mexico and the US, at the end of August the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) launched a report first published last year on internal displacement in the Northern Triangle...
As the Venezuelan humanitarian crisis continues, millions of Venezuelans continue to flee the embattled country...
Suriname is something of a pariah state, what with its president Desi Bouterse subject to an international arrest warrant for a 2000 drug-trafficking conviction in the Netherlands (in absentia) and on trial for the murder of 15 opposition figures during his military dictatorship in 1982...
In the May issue Security & Strategic Review we looked at the split within the Caribbean Community (Caricom) over policy towards Venezuela, with some (namely Jamaica, The Bahamas, Dominican Republic, Haiti, and St Lucia) recognising Venezuelan opposition leader Juan Guaidó and the country’s legitimate president...

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