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Security & Strategic Review - December 2019

Leader
An explosion in the number of dengue infections is causing concern in many Latin American countries, and the mosquito-borne disease looks set to move into new areas...
Andean Countries
Bolivia has made international headlines in recent weeks due to the political crisis which saw Evo Morales forced to resign the presidency on 10 November amid the disputed 20 October general election (see our sister publication Latin American Weekly Report for more discussion of this topic)...
There are reasons to believe that child prostitution is growing in Colombia...
A range of indicators show that overall levels of violence may be falling in Venezuela, but there are reservations about the reliability of the numbers...
Peruvian authorities have warned that despite their successful efforts to stem the spread of illegal coca plantations, the amount of cocaine being produced in Peru and the other Andean coca producing countries (Colombia and Bolivia) continues to rise...
Brazil & Southern Cone
Uruguay held the second round of its presidential election on 24 November...
A number of human rights groups and international institutions have denounced human rights violations committed by Chile’s security forces since protests began shaking the country in mid-October...
International watchdogs have warned about possible setbacks to anti-corruption efforts in Brazil, following a series of decisions taken by the judiciary, the executive and the legislature which are weakening existing institutional frameworks...
Mexico
Omar García Harfuch, the security minister in Mexico City (CDMX), has had to dismiss claims that narcotics that were confiscated in an operation carried out on 22 October had been stolen...
On 12 October leaders of 27 peasant farmer communities in the state of Guerrero, representing some 30,000 opium poppy growers from the remote municipalities of Heliodoro Castillo and San Miguel Totolapan, condemned the government of President Andrés Manuel López Obrador of the leftist Movimiento Regeneración Nacional (Morena) party for failing to deliver on its promises to support them...
An attack carried out by a group of hackers targeting the computer systems of Mexico’s state-owned oil firm, Pemex, has produced significant concern about cyber security in Mexico...
Since assuming office in December 2018, Mexico’s President Andrés Manuel López Obrador has repeatedly emphasised his government’s aims to address and improve the pressing issue of insecurity in the country...
Central America & Caribbean
The United Nations (UN) Mission for Justice Support in Haiti (Minujusth), which replaced the UN Stabilisation Mission in Haiti (Minustah) when it ended its 13-year mandate in the country in October 2017, has left the country...
In late September, the Inter-American Commission for Human Rights (IACHR) published a report on the forced migration of Nicaraguans to Costa Rica as a result of the crackdown by the Nicaraguan government led by President Daniel Ortega on its opponents which began in mid-April 2018...
On 19 November, violence suddenly intruded into the run-up to Dominica’s 6 December general election...

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