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Security & Strategic Review - June 2020

LEADER
The United Nations (UN) World Food Programme (WFP) and Food and Agricultural Organisation (FAO) are among various international bodies warning of a risk of a “hunger pandemic”, citing fears that the coronavirus (Covid-19) pandemic could almost double acute hunger by 2020...
ANDEAN COUNTRIES
A 31 March statement from the Coordinadora de las Organizaciones Indígenas de la Cuenca Amazónica (Coica), a transnational umbrella organisation representing indigenous communities from across the Amazon basin, warned that the failure of national governments to protect indigenous peoples from the coronavirus (Covid-19) pandemic would be tantamount to “ethnocide”...
As May came to a close, Peru had registered 4,506 deaths from coronavirus (Covid-19), at a per capita rate second only to Brazil and Ecuador in Latin America...
In an interview with television channel Caracol regarding the latest espionage scandal linked to the Colombian military, army commander General Eduardo Zapateiro insisted that “individual actions cannot define this institution, beloved and valued by the Colombian people”...
BRAZIL & SOUTHERN CONE
One of the reasons given by President Jair Bolsonaro to justify his opposition to isolation measures taken by local authorities in Brazil to limit the spread of coronavirus (Covid-19) is that these would lead to an increase in crime...
Paraguay appears to have been largely successful in its containment of the coronavirus (Covid-19) outbreak...
The conundrum of how to manage the coronavirus (Covid-19) outbreak in prisons is one of the many challenges that the pandemic has brought governments worldwide...
Uruguay’s President Luis Alberto Lacalle Pou delivered on a campaign promise on 23 April when he presented a wide-ranging reform bill containing more than 500 articles to congress...
MEXICO & USMCA
Mexico’s President Andrés Manuel López Obrador may have pledged that his government would relieve the armed forces of all policing duties and return them to their barracks...
The resources available to fight insecurity in Mexico are not endless...
A group of experts from the United Nations (UN) has warned that the coronavirus (Covid-19) pandemic will not be controlled unless governments around the world ensure that people have access to clean water...
CENTRAL AMERICA
Since the start of the coronavirus (Covid-19) pandemic, human rights institutions like the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) and Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) have underlined that while governments have had to adopt emergency measures to contain the pandemic, which may imply the temporary restriction of certain rights, such measures should be necessary, proportionate, and enacted within a framework of respect for international human rights norms...
CARIBBEAN
Last month marked a year since US President Donald Trump ended the rolling suspension of Title III of the 1996 Helms-Burton (Libertad) Act for the first time in over two decades...
There is anger in the Caribbean at the blacklisting by the European Union (EU) of The Bahamas, Barbados, and Jamaica for deficiencies in anti-money-laundering regulations...

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