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Weekly Report - 30 July 2020 (WR-20-30)

LEADER
The polarisation that has characterised Mexican politics for much of the mandate of President Andrés Manuel López Obrador was conspicuous by its absence this week when the ruling left-wing Movimiento de Regeneración Nacional (Morena) and the political opposition expressed their support for a pension reform proposal sent to congress by the government, and jointly settled upon new electoral councillors to oversee the plethora of federal, state, and municipal elections in 2021...
ANDEAN COUNTRIES
Article 169 of Bolivia’s constitution, which saw interim president Jeanine Áñez take office in November 2019 following the removal of former president Evo Morales (2006-2019), mandates that “new elections shall be called within a maximum period of 90 days”...
Compared with many of his regional peers, Colombia’s President Iván Duque has shown himself to be relatively capable – and crucially, ideologically flexible – in the face of the coronavirus (Covid-19) health emergency...
Ahead of his final year in office, President Martín Vizcarra’s annual address to the nation on Peru’s independence day (28 July) was much-anticipated...
President Lenín Moreno’s staunch commitment to upholding Ecuador’s reputation in the international financial market has cost his government much of its domestic support – and, according to his opponents, the lives of many Ecuadoreans, in the face of spending cuts and the coronavirus (Covid-19) pandemic...
BRAZIL & SOUTHERN CONE
As we go to press on 30 July Chileans are starting to withdraw up to 10% of funds from their pension pots after an acrimonious struggle in congress resulted in defeat for the government...
Brazil’s already fissiparous congress is becoming even more fragmented...
Following the unexpected resignation from Uruguay’s cabinet of Ernesto Talvi [WR-20-27], one of the leaders of the Partido Colorado (PC), the right-of-centre party has reiterated its support for the government led by President Luis Alberto Lacalle Pou...
BRAZIL | Fiscal deficit...
CENTRAL AMERICA & CARIBBEAN
The dismissal of Haiti’s justice minister Lucmanne Délille after he condemned the presence of the G9 An Fanmi criminal gang has revived concerns about links between criminal gangs and top officials...
A new legislative bill tabled by Panama’s labour ministry (Mitradel) is serving as the latest rallying point of opposition to the government led by President Laurentino Cortizo...
The recent arrest of former defence minister General David Munguía Payés over his alleged involvement in arranging a truce between El Salvador’s two main gangs, Mara Salvatrucha (MS-13) and Barrio 18 (M-18), in 2012, which dramatically reduced homicides while it lasted, has again seen links between top officials and gangs subjected to scrutiny...
POSTSCRIPT
Paraguay’s electoral court (TSJE) has finally set a definitive date for the municipal elections that were due to be held this year but have been suspended as a result of the coronavirus (Covid-19) pandemic...
“Inequality is the worst virus that we can have; corruption is the most pernicious plague”...

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