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Security & Strategic Review - February 2021

LEADER
One of the most prominent global trends of 2020 was the emergence of police violence as a matter of mainstream political debate...
ANDEAN COUNTRIES
Colombia’s transitional justice system (JEP) caused a stir on 26 January when its human rights risk monitoring division warned that 2021 looked set to be “the most violent year since the signing of the peace agreement”...
Gonzalo Rodríguez, Bolivia’s deputy minister for the fight against smuggling, announced in January that an investigation had been launched into allegations of extortion made against members of the country’s armed forces, who in 2020 reportedly demanded bribes from smugglers, and in return allowed them to bring contraband into the country...
BRAZIL & SOUTHERN CONE
The shooting of an indigenous Mapuche youth during an operation by the Carabineros militarised police in November 2018, and the attempt by those involved to cover up the crime, shook Chile, prompting protests across the country, renewed unrest in the southern La Araucanía region where the killing took place, and a scandal for the Carabineros [SSR-19-01]...
The coronavirus (Covid-19) pandemic has shaken up all industries, and the criminal one is no exception...
A botched security operation against the Ejército del Pueblo Paraguayo (EPP) guerrilla group last September, which left two minors of Argentine nationality dead, and was followed by the kidnapping of former vice president Óscar Denis (2012-2013) in retaliation, continues to cause problems for the Paraguayan government led by President Mario Abdo Benítez...
The Cutter Stone, a US Coast Guard (USCG) national security cutter, docked at the port of Montevideo in Uruguay on 25 January...
Violence and criminality are on the up in Chile...
MEXICO & USMCA
Mexico’s President Andrés Manual López Obrador has always said he wanted to develop a new type of relationship with the US, one that was based on mutual respect and in which both countries work together as equals...
Mexico has formally assumed the rotating seat at the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) for which it was elected last year...
CENTRAL AMERICA
The departure last month of a new caravan of migrants from Honduras, heading to Guatemala en route to Mexico and the US, highlighted a major priority for the new US administration led by President Joe Biden with regard to Central America...
More than 18 months on from the start of the latest cycle of electing supreme court (CSJ) judges and appellate magistrates, the process has yet to be completed following its suspension by Guatemala’s constitutional court (CC) amid procedural irregularities and concerns about the quality of candidates [SSR-20-07]...
In the second half of 2020, political opposition groups in Nicaragua had already denounced a fresh wave of repression by the Frente Sandinista de Liberación Nacional (FSLN) government led by President Daniel Ortega ahead of the November 2021 general election...
CARIBBEAN
Haiti’s President Jovenel Moïse has effectively been ruling by decree since January 2020 after legislative elections failed to materialise in October 2019, amid political gridlock, and legislators’ terms lapsed...
On 21 January, Venezuela escalated its territorial dispute with Guyana with the interception of two Guyanese fishing vessels operating within Guyana’s Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ)...

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