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Security & Strategic Review - March 2021

LEADER
Chilean authorities oversaw the largest single expulsion of undocumented migrants in the country on 10 February, deporting 86 Venezuelans and Colombians by air and 52 Peruvians and Bolivians by land from the city of Iquique in the northern Tarapacá Region, which borders Bolivia...
ANDEAN COUNTRIES
The route south through Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru had long been a relatively safe corridor for Venezuelans escaping the country’s long-running humanitarian crisis...
The 2016 peace agreement between the Colombian government and the Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia (Farc) guerrilla group was meant to herald the end of an era, bringing four years of negotiations – and over 50 years of civil conflict – to a close...
In 2020 Ecuador registered its highest murder rate in six years, despite the significant mobility restrictions in place during the worst months of the coronavirus (Covid-19) pandemic in the country...
BRAZIL & SOUTHERN CONE
President Jair Bolsonaro’s support for easier and wider gun ownership is one of the issues on which he has remained exceptionally constant throughout his time in office...
A deadly prison riot in Paraguay has revived discussions over the problems that the country’s overcrowded prisons face, putting pressure on the government to step-up its promised reforms to the penitentiary system...
MEXICO & USMCA
The Escazú Agreement is the first regional environmental treaty in Latin America and the Caribbean, and the world’s first to include provisions on protecting human rights defenders in environmental matters...
Eradicating government corruption is one of the leading objectives of the Mexican government led by President Andrés Manuel López Obrador...
The Mexican government has approved a proposal to ban the use of glyphosate, a herbicide, and genetically modified (GM) maize, by 2024...
CENTRAL AMERICA
“Instead of taking a step towards fulfilling women’s and girls’ fundamental rights, the country is moving backwards.” This was the response by a group of United Nations (UN) human rights experts to a bill since approved in Honduras, that raises the number of votes needed in congress to amend two articles of the constitution which prohibit abortion...
A deadly attack at the end of January at a political rally for the opposition Frente Farabundo Martí para la Liberación Nacional (FMLN), ahead of El Salvador’s 28 February legislative and municipal elections, sparked major fears regarding an escalation of violence ahead of the vote...
Last month United Nations (UN) human rights expert Mary Lawlor condemned the murder of indigenous environmental defender Nacilio Macario on Nicaragua's northern Caribbean coast, urging the government led by President Daniel Ortega to investigate his killing and bring those responsible to justice...
CARIBBEAN
Guyana’s now-ruling People’s Progressive Party/Civic (PPP/C), formerly just the People’s Progressive Party (PPP), has a chequered history when it comes to relations with the US...
INDIA’S VACCINE DIPLOMACY...

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