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Security & Strategic Review - April 2021

LEADER
The United Nations (UN) World Food Programme (WFP) and a group of humanitarian organisations have recently published reports warning of the rise in food insecurity in El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua due to the economic crisis caused by the coronavirus (Covid-19) pandemic and years of extreme climate events...
ANDEAN COUNTRIES
The Venezuelan government led by Nicolás Maduro has found international allies hard to come by in recent years...
Upon his inauguration in November 2020, Bolivia’s President Luis Arce was faced with three daunting tasks – to manage the country’s response to the coronavirus (Covid-19) pandemic; to lead the recovery of the national economy; and to bring political stability back to Bolivia, after 12 months of extreme volatility...
At the start of March, Colombia’s Vice President Marta Lucía Ramírez urged the attorney general’s office to “end impunity for the killers of women and girls” – a statement that prompted a package of measures targeting femicide and domestic abuse...
BRAZIL & SOUTHERN CONE
The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) has taken the unprecedented step of setting up a permanent monitoring group to keep an eye on corruption in Brazil, a move which illustrates international concern with setbacks to anti-corruption efforts in the South American giant...
Argentina was one of the 12 Western Hemisphere countries that signed the declaration establishing the Lima Group in August 2017, a regional effort to help resolve the political deadlock and humanitarian crisis in Venezuela...
The Brazilian Amazon tends to garner most of the attention where deforestation and environmental destruction are concerned...
MEXICO & USMCA
The Mexican government has ramped up its efforts to produce coronavirus (Covid-19) vaccines domestically to ensure that it has a reliable supply of what has become an essential but scarce product for all countries...
The killing of 19 Central American migrants by Mexican criminals has provided a painful reminder of Mexico’s failure to protect the migrants that cross its territory...
CENTRAL AMERICA
In its US$4bn comprehensive four-year plan for Central America, the new US administration led by President Joe Biden pledges to address the root causes of illegal migration, one of which it identifies as “endemic corruption”...
CARIBBEAN
Last month Cuba’s government led by President Miguel Díaz-Canel announced it would begin inoculating 150,000 Cubans with its own vaccines against the coronavirus (Covid-19), as part of the final phase of a clinical trial of the country’s leading vaccine candidate, Soberana 02...
In March 2021, two United Nations agencies, the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (Eclac) and the UN Office for Disaster Reduction (UNDRR), issued a report entitled: “The coronavirus disease (Covid-19) pandemic: an opportunity for a systemic approach to disaster risk for the Caribbean.” The title doesn’t capture the full scope of the report which also focuses on what it sees as the Caribbean’s flawed development model...
Belize’s People’s United Party (PUP) has consolidated its victory in the November 2020 general election with a resounding victory in the municipal elections held in March...

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