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Security & Strategic Review - August 2021

LEADER
The assassination of Haiti’s President Jovenel Moïse on 7 July shocked Haitians and the international community alike, appearing to mark the culmination of the multifaceted political, institutional and security crises which has afflicted the country...
ANDEAN COUNTRIES
Gunshots and explosions rang out almost incessantly over large swathes of western Caracas between 8 and 10 July, as parts of the Venezuelan capital were brought to a halt by an eruption of gang violence that lasted nearly 72 hours...
Colombia’s Ejército de Liberación Nacional (ELN) guerrilla group announced a change of leadership on 24 June, intensifying scrutiny on a rebel force that is accused of carrying out a number of high-profile attacks in recent weeks...
Peru’s environment ministry approved a National Plan for Adaptation to Climate Change (PNACC) on 9 June, which it says will establish a 30-year roadmap for achieving sustainable development...
BRAZIL & SOUTHERN CONE
After falling for two consecutive years homicides are on the rise again in Brazil, according to the Fórum Brasileiro de Segurança Pública (FBSP), a local public security think-tank which published its annual security report on 15 July...
Paraguay was a coronavirus (Covid-19) success story in the earlier months of 2020, managing to keep infections and fatalities down even as South America became the epicentre of the pandemic...
Chile’s 155-member constituent convention held its inaugural session on 4 July, formally launching the historical process of rewriting the constitution...
MEXICO & USMCA
For a long time, large parts of Mexico’s western state of Michoacán have been under the effective control of organised criminal groups...
Mexico’s supreme court (SCJN) has issued a landmark ruling that in effect decriminalises the recreational use of marihuana...
CENTRAL AMERICA
Human rights institutions such as United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) have hailed a recent verdict issued by a Honduran court in relation to the landmark case of the 2016 killing of indigenous leader and environmentalist, Berta Cáceres, which briefly subjected Honduras to international scrutiny and the dire situation facing environmentalists and other human rights defenders (HRDs) in the country...
Mining has long been a fraught issue in Panama...
CARIBBEAN
The Partido Comunista de Cuba (PCC) government is facing its most serious challenge in decades after spontaneous protests erupted on 11 July across Cuba in response to the multifaceted crisis stemming from the coronavirus (Covid-19) pandemic, and longstanding US economic sanctions. ..
On 16 July, President Chandrikapersad Santokhi marked his first year in power...
*** THE CARIBBEAN TURNS ON ORTEGA...

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