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Security & Strategic Review - December 2021

NICARAGUA: Tracing the transformation of the police and military

At the end of October, the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) published a report analysing the concentration of power in Nicaragua in the executive branch and undermining of the rule of law under President Daniel Ortega, who was re-elected on 7 November in an election widely slammed as undemocratic (see our sister publication, the Latin American Weekly Report, for further discussion of the election). The IACHR cites the “manipulation, control, and diversion of functions of the national police [PNN] and army” as crucial to this process. Here we consider key observations by the IACHR with regard to these institutions under Ortega, who first led the country from 1979-1990 and has been in office since 2007.

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