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Security & Strategic Review - May 2022

VENEZUELA: Corruption and abuses in the Orinoco Mining Arc

The killing of four members of the Yanomami indigenous group by Venezuelan soldiers in March shone a spotlight on the multitude of threats facing tribal peoples in Venezuela’s Orinoco Mining Arc (OMA) – a 112,000km2 area designated a ‘strategic development zone’ in 2016. The OMA is overrun with illegal mining activity, much of it controlled by organised crime groups and the military, as was evidenced in a 25 March report by Venezuelan NGO Fundaredes focusing on human rights violations within the OMA.

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