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LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone

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LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 14 December 2018

Development: On 13 December, Brazilian media reported that Rio de Janeiro state’s civil police had uncovered a plan by local militias to murder Marcelo Freixo, a Rio de Janeiro state deputy and federal deputy-elect for the left-wing Partido Socialismo e Liberdade (PSOL).

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 13 December 2018

Development: On 12 December, incumbent governors and governors-elect from 24 of Brazil’s 27 states met in Brasília to discuss their concerns around public security with the president of the supreme court (STF), José Antonio Dias Toffoli, and the future justice minister, Sérgio Moro.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 12 December 2018

Development: On 11 December, Brazil’s incumbent foreign minister, Aloysio Nunes Ferreira, lamented that Ernesto Araújo, his designated successor, has said that Brazil will disassociate itself from the United Nations (UN) global compact on safe, orderly, and regular migration.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 11 December 2018

Development: On 10 December, Brazil’s health ministry said that it is still looking to fill 106 vacant positions left by the departure of the Cuban doctors who were employed in the country under the ‘Mais Médicos’ programme.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 10 December 2018

Development: On 9 December, Brazil’s President-elect Jair Bolsonaro announced that Ricardo de Aquino Salles will be his environment minister, thus completing the 22-minister cabinet which takes office on 1 January 2019. 

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 07 December 2018

Development: On 6 December, evangelical pastor Damares Alves was announced as the future minister for women, family and human rights in the incoming government of Brazil’s President-elect Jair Bolsonaro. 

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 06 December 2018

Development: On 5 December municipal government employees in Paraguay’s Ciudad del Este (CDE) confronted the police and tried to stop the newly designated caretaker CDE mayor from entering the municipal government building. 

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 5 December 2018

Development: On 4 December a formal complaint of abuse of power was filed against Security Minister Patricia Bullrich in an Argentine federal court.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 4 December 2018

Development: On 3 December, Brazil’s future chief-of-staff and head of the government transition team, Onyx Lorenzoni, confirmed that the labour ministry will no longer exist in the incoming government led by President-elect Jair Bolsonaro.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 03 December 2018

Development: On 1 December, Brazil’s President-elect Jair Bolsonaro reaffirmed his criticism of environmental protection policies which he sees as being detrimental to the country’s agricultural industry and national sovereignty.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 30 November 2018

Development: On 29 November, the current governor of Brazil’s Rio de Janeiro state, Luiz Fernando Pezão, was arrested at his official residence by the federal police (PF) on charges of corruption, as part of a state-level investigation linked to the wide-ranging ‘Operação Lava Jato’ corruption probe.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 29 November 2018

Development: On 28 November, three more ministers were appointed to Brazil’s President-elect Jair Bolsonaro’s future cabinet, giving further hints as to its final composition.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 28 November 2018

Development: On 27 November, Brazil’s President-elect Jair Bolsonaro announced on Twitter that Tarcísio Gomes de Freitas, a military-trained civil engineer, will be the minister for infrastructure in his new government that takes office on 1 January 2019.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 27 November 2018

Development: On 26 November Sandra McLeod, the mayor of Ciudad del Este (CDE), Paraguay’s second city and the capital of Alto Paraná department, tendered her resignation.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 26 November 2018

Development: On 24 November, Brazil’s President-elect Jair Bolsonaro pronounced himself against repatriating Venezuelans to their country, saying that they “are not merchandise nor objects to be returned”.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 23 November 2018

Development: On 22 November, Brazil’s President-elect Jair Bolsonaro announced that Colombian-born Ricardo Vélez Rodríguez will take over as minister for education in his incoming government, which takes office on 1 January 2019.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 22 November 2018

Development: On 21 November the International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH), an international NGO, issued a communiqué asking the Uruguayan government to reject the political asylum request recently filed by Peru’s former president, Alan García (1985-1990; 2006-2011).

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 21 November 2018

Development: On 20 November the governor of Chile’s southern La Araucanía Region, Luis Mayol, resigned.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 20 November 2018

Development: On 19 November Brazil’s future economy minister, Paulo Guedes, announced that Roberto Castello Branco had accepted his invitation to be the next CEO of the state-owned oil company Petrobras.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 19 November 2018

Development: On 18 November, Brazil’s President-elect Jair Bolsonaro re-iterated his criticism of the ‘Mais Médicos’ programme which employs Cuban doctors in the country, saying that Brazil cannot accept “Cuban slaves” nor continue its support of the “Cuban dictatorship”.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 16 November 2018

Development: On 15 November Chile’s President Sebastián Piñera pledged an investigation into the fatal shooting of an indigenous Mapuche man, Camilo Catrillanca Marin, which took place two days earlier in Ercilla town, in the impoverished southern region of La Araucanía.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 15 November 2018

Development: In the early hours of 15 November Argentina’s federal senate gave final approval to a version of the zero-deficit 2019 draft budget submitted by the government led by President Mauricio Macri.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 14 November 2018

Development: On 13 November Brazil’s President-elect Jair Bolsonaro announced the appointment of Fernando Azevedo e Silva, a retired army general, as his future defence minister.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 13 November 2018

Development: On 12 November Argentina’s President Mauricio Macri signed a presidential decree under which private sector firms in the country are to pay a year-end bonus to their employees to compensate for the loss in purchasing power resulting from Argentina’s high inflation rate.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 12 November 2018

Development: On 10 November, Brazilian local media reported that Brazil’s future finance minister, Paulo Guedes, wants Joaquim Levy to run the state-owned national development bank (BNDES).

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 09 November 2018

Development: On 8 November, 22 individuals were arrested in the Brazilian state of Rio de Janeiro, including elected state representatives, as part of an investigation into a kickback scheme in Rio de Janeiro’s state legislative assembly (Alerj). 

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 08 November 2018

Development: On 7 November, Brazil’s President-elect Jair Bolsonaro confirmed the appointment of federal deputy Tereza Cristina da Costa Dias as his future agriculture minister.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 07 November 2018

Development: On 6 November, Brazil’s President-elect Jair Bolsonaro travelled to Brasília to meet with sitting officials as part of the government transition process, ahead of taking office on 1 January 2019.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 06 November 2018

Development: On 5 November, the lawyers of Brazil’s imprisoned former president Lula da Silva (2003-2011) filed a new habeas corpus petition before the supreme court (STF), requesting Lula’s release.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 05 November 2018

Development: On 3 November, the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) condemned Brazil’s President-elect Jair Bolsonaro’s decision to move the country’s embassy in Israel from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 02 November 2018

Development: On 1 November, federal judge Sérgio Moro announced that he had accepted Brazil’s President-elect Jair Bolsonaro’s invitation to be his justice minister.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 01 November 2018

Development: On 31 October, Brazil’s incumbent agriculture minister, Blairo Maggi, and environment minister, Edson Duarte, both criticised President-elect Jair Bolsonaro’s plan to merge the agriculture and environment ministries into one entity.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 31 October 2018

Development: On 30 October, it was confirmed that Brazil’s president-elect, Jair Bolsonaro, will go ahead with plans to shrink the state by merging ministries in his new government, which will take office on 1 January 2019. 

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 30 October 2018

Development: On 29 October, Onyx Lorenzoni, the chosen chief-of-staff of Brazil’s president-elect, Jair Bolsonaro, announced that Bolsonaro’s first international trip would be to Chile, and most likely followed by a visit to the US.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 29 October 2018

Development: On 28 October, Jair Bolsonaro of the Partido Social Liberal (PSL) won Brazil’s presidential election with 55.13% of the valid vote, in the conclusion of a divisive and sometimes vicious campaign.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 26 October 2018

Development: On 25 October, Brazilian pollster Datafolha released its latest public opinion poll, three days ahead of the presidential run-off vote on 28 October and two days before the official end of campaigning. 

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 25 October 2018

Development: In the early hours of 25 October Argentina’s federal chamber of deputies approved a version of the zero-deficit draft 2019 budget proposal submitted by the government led by President Mauricio Macri after a marathon and tense session.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 24 October 2018

Development: On 23 October, Brazil’s presidential candidates, Jair Bolsonaro (Partido Social Liberal, PSL) and Fernando Haddad (Partido dos Trabalhadores, PT), concentrated their campaigning activities in the city of Rio de Janeiro, ahead of the 28 October run-off vote.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 23 October 2018

Development: On 22 October Brazil’s presidential frontrunner, Jair Bolsonaro of the Partido Social Liberal (PSL), sent a letter to the longest-serving supreme court (STF) justice José Celso de Mello, in which he said that the STF is the “guardian of the constitution” and must be honoured by all.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 22 October 2018

Development: On 21 October, Brazilians took to the streets in cities across the country to manifest their support for presidential frontrunner Jair Bolsonaro, of the Partido Social Liberal (PSL), one week ahead of the 28 October run-off vote.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 19 October 2018

Development: On 18 October, Brazil’s Partido dos Trabalhadores (PT) filed a request to the country’s electoral court (TSE) for presidential frontrunner Jair Bolsonaro, of the Partido Social Liberal (PSL), to be declared ineligible for a period of eight years.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 18 October 2018

Development: On 17 October, NGO Amnesty International (AI) expressed its concerns regarding the wave of electoral violence in Brazil in the context of the presidential election, the second round of which is due to take place on 28 October, and urged the Brazilian state to take action to prevent and investigate such incidents.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 17 October 2018

Development: On 16 October, the president of Brazil’s Partido Democrático Trabalhista (PDT), Carlos Lupi, criticised the Partido dos Trabalhadores (PT), whose candidate Fernando Haddad is running in the second round of the presidential election on 28 October, for lacking self-criticism and never having backed anyone else. 

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 16 October 2018

Development: On 15 October, the Observatório da Intervenção, a monitoring body set up by the centre for security and citizenship studies (Cesec) at Rio de Janeiro’s Universidade Candido Mendes (Ucam), released its latest data on violence and homicide rates in the Brazilian state of Rio de Janeiro, with a focus on police deaths.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 15 October 2018

Development: On 14 October, Brazil’s presidential candidate Jair Bolsonaro of the Partido Social Liberal (PSL) posted a video on his social media channels in which he defends each individual’s right to make personal choices without interference from the state.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 12 October 2018

Development: On 11 October, the candidates in Brazil’s 28 October presidential run-off, Jair Bolsonaro (Partido Social Liberal, PSL) and Fernando Haddad (Partido dos Trabalhadores, PT), gave several separate interviews to national media in which they discussed future policies and ministerial appointments.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 11 October 2018

Development: On 10 October the Argentine government led by President Mauricio Macri announced that it was reversing its recent decision to retroactively increase natural gas tariffs and that it would now assume the full costs of losses incurred by gas production and distribution firms resulting from the sharp devaluation of the peso rather than pass it on to consumers.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 10 October 2018

Development: On 9 October, Brazil’s numerous political parties began announcing where their support will lie for the 28 October presidential run-off between Jair Bolsonaro of the Partido Social Liberal (PSL) and Fernando Haddad of the Partido dos Trabalhadores (PT). 

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 09 October 2018

Development: On 8 October, Brazil’s presidential candidate Fernando Haddad of the Partido dos Trabalhadores (PT) said that he will be looking to unite “the country’s democratic forces” behind him.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 8 October 2018

Development: On 7 October, Brazil’s electoral court (TSE) released the results of the presidential election held that same day.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 05 October 2018

Development: On 4 October, a final televised debate between presidential candidates marked the end of radio and TV campaigning for the first round of Brazil’s presidential election, to take place on 7 October.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 04 October 2018

Development: On 3 October, presidential candidate Ciro Gomes of the Partido Democrático Trabalhista (PDT) mocked far-right candidate Jair Bolsonaro of the Partido Social Liberal (PSL) and challenged him to take part in the final televised debate ahead of Brazil’s 7 October presidential election.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 3 October 2018

Development: On 2 October, Brazil’s Frente Parlamentar da Agropecuária (FPA), the powerful agribusiness bloc in the federal congress, announced that it would officially be supporting Jair Bolsonaro of the Partido Social Liberal (PSL) in the 7 October presidential election.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 02 October 2018

Development: On 1 October Chile’s President Sebastián Piñera hailed the same-day ruling by the International Court of Justice (ICJ) at The Hague on Bolivia’s claim that Chile had a legal obligation to negotiate with it a sovereign access to the Pacific.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 01 October 2018

Development: On 29 September, Brazilians took to the streets under the unifying cry of ‘ele não’ ('not him') to protest against Jair Bolsonaro of the Partido Social Liberal (PSL), the far-right candidate and frontrunner in the 7 October presidential election.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 28 September 2018

Development: On 27 September, Brazil’s national industry confederation (CNI) released a report which highlights the negative impact that electoral uncertainty is having on economic activity and growth, in relation to the construction industry specifically. 

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 27 September 2018

Development: On 26 September Argentina’s economy & finance minister, Nicolás Dujovne, announced that the Argentine government had reached an agreement over new terms for its Stand-By Agreement (SBA) with the International Monetary Fund (IMF).

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 26 September 2018

Development: On 25 September, Brazil’s President Michel Temer gave the opening speech at the United Nations General Assembly’s (UNGA) general debate, in which he criticised isolationism, intolerance, and unilateralism.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 25 September 2018

Development: On 24 September the Central de Trabajadores de la Argentina (CTA) umbrella worker’s union launched a 36-hour strike in Argentina in repudiation of the government’s economic policies.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 24 September 2018

Development: On 23 September, Paulo Guedes, the University of Chicago trained economist, posed for a photo with presidential candidate Jair Bolsonaro in an effort to present a united front.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 21 September 2018

Development: On 20 September, the presidential candidate of the Partido dos Trabalhadores (PT) party in Brazil’s 7 October general election, Fernando Haddad, was targeted by rivals in his first appearance in a presidential debate.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 20 September 2018

Development: On 19 September, the Brazilian government announced that it is launching an online video campaign to combat ‘fake news’ about vaccination.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 19 September 2018

Development: On 18 September, Fernando Haddad, the presidential candidate for the Partido dos Trabalhadores (PT) in Brazil’s 7 October general election, said that if elected he would not grant a presidential pardon to former president Lula da Silva (2003-2011) who is currently serving a 12-year prison sentence for corruption upheld on appeal.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 18 September 2018

Development: On 17 September, Brazil’s centre-right presidential candidate Geraldo Alckmin, of the Partido da Social Democracia Brasileira (PSDB), warned against divisive populism in Brazil during a press conference with foreign journalists in the capital, Brasília.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 17 September 2018

Development: On 16 September, Brazil’s far-right presidential frontrunner Jair Bolsonaro broadcast a live video in which he attacked the leftist Partido dos Trabalhadores (PT) and its presidential candidate, Fernando Haddad, and spoke of a risk of fraud in the country’s upcoming 7 October general election.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 14 September 2018

Development: On 13 September, Brazil’s left-wing presidential candidates, Ciro Gomes and Fernando Haddad, both spoke of Brazil as playing a mediator role in the regional crisis produced by the large-scale Venezuelan migration.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 13 September 2018

Development: On 12 September, Fernando Haddad, the newly designated presidential candidate of Brazil’s Partido dos Trabalhadores (PT) in the 7 October general election, met with university students in the city of São Paulo as part of his electoral campaign.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 12 September 2018

Development: On 11 September, Brazil’s leftist Partido dos Trabalhadores (PT) officially announced that Fernando Haddad would take over from Lula da Silva (2003-2011), the imprisoned former president, as the party’s presidential candidate in the 7 October general election.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 11 September 2018

Peru: Peru’s President Martín Vizcarra has announced the start of the construction of the US$1.6bn ‘Mina Justa’ copper mine in the southern coastal Ica region.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 10 September 2018

Development: On 9 September, candidates running in Brazil’s 7 October presidential election took part in a third televised debate, during which they defended the importance of a peaceful electoral process.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 07 September 2018

Development: On 6 September, Brazil’s far-right presidential candidate, Jair Bolsonaro, was rushed to hospital after being stabbed in the abdomen during a campaign rally in Juiz de Fora, Minas Gerais state.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 06 September 2018

Development: On 5 September, local pollster Ibope released its latest public opinion poll ahead of Brazil’s 7 October general election.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 5 September 2018

Development: On 4 September, the lawyers of Brazil’s former president Lula da Silva (2003-2011) presented an appeal before the supreme court (STF) to void a recent ruling by the country’s supreme electoral court (TSE) that bars Lula from running as a presidential candidate in the 7 October general election.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 4 September 2018

Development: On 3 September, the electoral coalition led by Brazil’s leftist Partido dos Trabalhadores (PT) party filed a criminal complaint before the supreme court (STF) against right-wing presidential candidate Jair Bolsonaro for the crimes of electoral insult, threat, and incitement to crime.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 3 September 2018

Development: On 1 September, Brazil’s supreme electoral court (TSE) voted by six to one to bar former president, and Partido dos Trabalhadores (PT) presidential candidate, Lula da Silva (2003-2011), from running in the 7 October general election.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 31 August 2018

Development: On 30 August, the sale of three regional subsidiaries of Brazil’s state-owned electricity company Eletrobras was concluded at a public auction in the city of São Paulo.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 30 August 2018

Development: On 29 August Argentina’s President Mauricio Macri announced that his government has asked the International Monetary Fund (IMF) to give it a new advance of the US$50bn credit line it secured with the organisation to help restore market confidence in the Argentine economy.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 29 August 2018

Development: On 28 August, the local press reported that the state prosecutor’s office in Brazil’s São Paulo state (MPSP) has formally accused Fernando Haddad, the former mayor of the city of São Paulo and vice-presidential candidate for the leftist Partido dos Trabalhadores (PT) in the 7 October general election, of administrative wrongdoing.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 28 August 2018

Development: On 27 August, Brazil’s supreme court (STF) said it would review an appeal by jailed former president Lula da Silva (2003-2011) for him to be released from prison.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 24 August 2018

Development: On 23 August, eleven European and Latin American jurists and lawyers sent a letter to Brazil’s President Michel Temer, asking that Brazil comply with the United Nations (UN) Human Rights Committee’s request that former president Lula da Silva (2003-2011) be allowed to exercise his political rights and stand in the 7 October presidential election.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 23 August 2018

Development: On 22 August, Brazil’s federal public security minister, Raul Jungmann, met Colombia’s foreign minister, Carlos Holmes Trujillo, in Bogotá, where they discussed questions of border security, migration issues, and how to cooperate in the fight against organised crime.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 22 August 2018

Development: On 21 August thousands of people took part in demonstrations across Argentina calling for former president (2007-2015) and incumbent federal senator Cristina Fernández to be stripped of her congressional immunity and face prosecution for the gross corruption charges levelled against her.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 21 August 2018

Development: On 20 August, Brazil’s deputy attorney general, Humberto Jacques de Medeiros, challenged the presidential candidacy of former president Lula da Silva (2003-2011) before the supreme electoral court (TSE).

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 20 August 2018

From LatinNews Daily
- In brief: Brazil
- In brief: Argentina
* The need to generate employment was the dominant theme of Brazil’s second televised presidential debate, which took place on 17 August between eight of the 13 candidates running for the presidency in the 7 October general election.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 17 August 2018

Development: On 16 August, one day after the deadline to register candidacies with the electoral court (TSE), campaigning in the streets and online began for Brazil’s 7 October general election, described as the country’s most uncertain in recent history.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 16 August 2018

Development: On 15 August, mere hours before the deadline, Brazil’s leftist Partido dos Trabalhadores (PT) formally registered former president Lula da Silva (2003-2011) as its presidential candidate in the 7 October general election, with the former PT São Paulo mayor Fernando Haddad (2013-2017) as his running mate.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 15 August 2018

Development: On 14 August data released by the Rio de Janeiro state’s public security institute (ISP) show that the number of deaths resulting from police interventions in the Brazilian state has increased by 105% in July, compared with the same period last year.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 14 August 2018

Venezuela: The Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (Opec) has released its latest monthly oil production figures, which show that national crude production in Opec member Venezuela fell by 47,700 barrel per day (bpd) to 1.27m bpd in July.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 13 August 2018

Development: On 10 August, thousands of supporters of Brazil’s jailed former president, Lula da Silva (2003-2011), began a protest march towards capital, Brasília, as part of their ‘Free Lula’ campaign.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 10 August 2018

Development: On 9 August the leading presidential candidates in Brazil’s 7 October general election took part in a first televised debate ahead of the polls.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 09 August 2018

Development: On 8 August Argentina’s federal senate voted against giving final congressional approval to a bill that sought to decriminalise abortion in the country.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 8 August 2018

* Brazil’s national civil aviation agency (Anac), the sector’s regulatory body, has announced that it has granted Norwegian Air Shuttle a licence to operate flights between Brazil and Europe.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 7 August 2018

Development: On 6 August the full list of 13 presidential candidates running in Brazil’s 7 October general election, and the electoral alliances that support them, were defined, allowing for projections to be made on how much daily free TV and radio electoral propaganda each of them will have ahead of the first-round vote.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 06 August 2018

Development: On 4 August former president Lula da Silva (2003-2011) was confirmed by the Partido dos Trabalhadores (PT) party as its presidential candidate in Brazil’s 7 October general election, with former mayor of São Paulo, Fernando Haddad, announced as his running mate the following day.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 03 August 2018

Development: On 2 August, two of the main candidates running for the presidency in Brazil’s 7 October general election announced the names of their vice-presidential running mates, while a third presidential candidate confirmed his candidacy.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 02 August 2018

Development: In a decision made public on 1 August, the president of Brazil’s supreme electoral tribunal (TSE), Luiz Fux, said that in his opinion it is “evident” the former president Lula da Silva (2003-2011) from the leftist Partido dos Trabalhadores (PT) party is ineligible to run for president in the 7 October general election.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 1 August 2018

Development: On 31 July Brazil’s national statistics institute (IBGE) released figures which show that unemployment has fallen in the country, but that the number of people who are not working has reached a record high. Significance: The high levels of unemployment and the record number of people out of the workforce show that the economy is not recovering at a good pace, and this will become one of the most important subjects for the 7 October general election.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 31 July 2018

Development: On 30 July, Jair Bolsonaro, the former army captain and right-wing presidential candidate in Brazil’s 7 October general election, said that Brazil’s electoral process was “under suspicion” in an interview with a local broadcaster TV Cultura.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 30 July 2018

Development: On 28 July thousands of people gathered in the Brazilian city of Rio de Janeiro for a free music concert organised by the Partido dos Trabalhadores (PT) party to call for the release of former president and PT presidential hopeful in the 7 October general election, Lula da Silva (2003-2011).

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 27 July 2018

Development: On 26 July thousands of people took part in a protest march in Argentina’s capital, Buenos Aires, in rejection of the two recent decrees issued by President Mauricio Macri aimed at reforming the role of the armed forces by assigning them more public security duties.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 26 July 2018

Development: On 25 July Folha de São Paulo, the Brazilian daily, reported that an astronaut and a prince were among the choices for running mate of former army captain and leading presidential candidate Jair Bolsonaro in the 7 October general election.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 25 July 2018

Development: On 24 July the local media reported that, in an interview with a local radio station in Brazil’s north-eastern state of Maranhão, Ciro Gomes, the presidential candidate of the leftist Partido Democrático Trabalhista (PDT) party, said that only his election in the 7 October general election offers a chance for former president Lula da Silva (2003-2011) to get out of prison.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 24 July 2018

Development: On 23 July the NGO Global Witness published data showing that 57 land activists were murdered in Brazil in 2017.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 23 July 2018

Development: On 22 July Jair Bolsonaro, the far-right former army captain, officially launched his candidacy for Brazil’s presidency during a public event in the city of Rio de Janeiro. Significance: Bolsonaro currently polls in second place in public opinion surveys, behind the former leftist president Lula da Silva (2003-2011), who will probably be barred from running due to his corruption conviction.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 20 July 2018

Development: On 20 July the Brazilian news site G1 reported that the presidential pre-candidate of the centrist opposition Partido da Social Democracia Brasileira (PSDB) in the 7 October general election, Geraldo Alckmin, is almost certain to receive the backing of seven influential centrist political parties.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 19 July 2018

Development: On 18 July Judge Rosa Weber, the president of Brazil’s superior electoral tribunal (TSE), turned down a request to declare former president Lula da Silva (2003-2011) ineligible to run in October’s general election.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 18 July 2018

Development: On 17 July a judge in Brazil’s Rio de Janeiro city sentenced 23 left-wing activists to seven years in prison for their role in violent protests that took place in 2013 and 2014.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 17 July 2018

Development: On 16 July Brazil’s President Michel Temer signed a decree authorising the early payment of 50% of Brazilian pensioners’ ‘13th salary’.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 16 July 2018

Development: On 15 July O Estado de São Paulo, the Brazilian daily, published a study by LCA Consultores which shows that the number of Brazilian homes in which more than 75% of income comes from pensions grew by over 12% in the last year.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 13 July 2018

Development: Brazil’s government looks set to miss its fiscal deficit target as proposals approved by federal senators and deputies over the last few months kick in.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 12 July 2018

Development: In June Brazil’s steel exports to the US almost tripled in comparison with the same month the previous year.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 11 July 2018

Development: On 10 July, various members of Chile’s political opposition presented a petition to the supreme court to remove attorney general (AG) Jorge Abbott for “manifest negligence in carrying out his functions”.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 10 July 2018

Development: On 9 July, the science journal Nature published a paper by Brazilian authors in which they argued that increased rates of deforestation in the country put Brazil’s commitment to the Paris Agreement on climate change in doubt.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 09 July 2018

Development: On 8 July, a series of frantic legal battles over the release of Lula da Silva ended as it had begun, with Brazil’s former president (2003-2011) still in prison.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 06 July 2018

Development: On 5 July, Boeing announced a deal to form a US$4.65bn joint venture with the Brazilian company Embraer. Significance: For Boeing, the joint venture will allow the company to compete with Airbus in the market for smaller, 100-seat planes.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 05 July 2018

Development: On 4 July Poder360, a local news site, published its latest opinion poll showing that up to 42% of Brazilians plan to abstain or annul their ballot in October’s presidential elections.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 04 July 2018

Development: On 3 July Eike Batista, once the richest man in Brazil and one of the wealthiest in the world, was sentenced to 30 years in prison for corruption.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 03 July 2018

Development: With Brazil’s traditional politics in a state of disarray, most of the country’s political parties are pushing back the conventions that will formalise their candidates for the 7 October general election until the very last minute.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 2 July 2018

Development: On 1 July, a study by Brazil’s national industry confederation (CNI) estimated that insecurity costs the country R$365bn (US$93.32bn) a year, equivalent to 5.5% of GDP or R$1,800 per Brazilian. Significance: To put that figure in perspective, the cost of criminality to the country is higher than the contribution made by either the construction sector (5.2% of GDP) or the agricultural sector (5.3% of GDP), the leading lights of the Brazilian economy.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 29 June 2018

Development: On 28 June, a new Ibope opinion poll showed the far-right former army captain Jair Bolsonaro leading the presidential race ahead of Brazil’s 7 October general election, when former president Lula da Silva is excluded from scenarios.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 28 June 2018

Development: Brazil’s federal congress delayed until 3 July a vote to fast-track two key energy bills that could have raised over R$100bn (US$26.1bn) for the cash-strapped federal government. Significance: There’s increasingly little chance that the legislature will pass anything before congressional recess begins in mid-July.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 27 June 2018

Development: On 26 June, US Vice President Michael Pence paid an official visit to Brasília, where he called on Brazil to do more to deal with Latin America’s migrants.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 26 June 2018

Development: On 25 June thousands of workers adhered to the 24-hour general strike called by the Confederación General del Trabajo (CGT) umbrella workers’ union in repudiation of the economic policies pursued by the government led by President Mauricio Macri.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 25 June 2018

Development: On 23 June, O Estado de São Paulo published a survey showing that 77.8% of Brazilians did not trust the country’s political parties, a figure that has almost doubled in the last four years.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 22 June 2018

Development: On 21 June, Brazil’s state-controlled oil company, Petrobras, suffered a major defeat in the country’s superior labour court (TST). Significance: The defeat is a blow for the company at the end of a largely positive week.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 21 June 2018

Development: On 20 June the index provider MSCI upgraded Argentina from the status of frontier market to emerging market.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 20 June 2018

Development: On 19 June, representatives of some of Brazil’s major banks called on former finance minister Henrique Meirelles (2016-April 2018) to drop out of the race for the presidency.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 19 June 2018

Development: On 18 June, Brazilian economists consulted by the central bank (BCB) in its weekly Focus survey revised down for a seventh consecutive week their estimates for domestic GDP growth this year.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 18 June 2018

Development: On June 17, the Brazilian daily Folha de São Paulo published a survey by Datafolha showing that 62% of young Brazilians, aged 16-24, would leave the country if they could.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 15 June 2018

Development: On 14 June Brazil’s supreme court (STF) voted to ban a procedure that allows investigators to take a criminal suspect into a police station for questioning.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 14 June 2018

Development: On June 13 Brazilian financial daily Valor Econômico published a survey by Boa Vista SCPC showing that relatively few local businesses expect an economic boost from the Fifa World Cup that begins in Russia today (14 June).

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 13 June 2018

Development: On 12 June, Brazil’s supreme court (STF) announced that it is to rule on 19 June on whether to try Senator Gleisi Hoffmann, the president of the leftist opposition Partido dos Trabalhadores (PT), for corruption and money laundering in charges related to the ‘Operation Car Wash’ corruption investigations. Significance: Regardless of the merits of the case, condemnation by STF would feed into the PT’s narrative that it is being persecuted by politically-motivated judges.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 12 June 2018

Development: On 11 June Brazil’s President Michel Temer signed into law the creation of the single system of public security (Susp).

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 11 June 2018

Development: On 10 June, Datafolha published its latest opinion poll ahead of the 6 October general election in Brazil, showing a slight increase in support for the far-right hopeful, Jair Bolsonaro. Significance: In scenarios without former president Lula da Silva (2003-2011), Bolsonaro has strengthened his position in the polls ahead of the first-round vote, rising to 19% of voting intentions, up from 17% in April.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 08 June 2018

Development: On 7 June the Argentine government and the International Monetary Fund (IMF) announced that they had reached new Stand-By agreement under which the IMF will provide Argentina with a US$50bn credit line.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 07 June 2018

Development: On 6 June, Brazil's defence minister, Raúl Jungmann, sent R$50m (US$13m) to tighten public security in Minas Gerais following a wave of violent crime.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 6 June 2018

Development: On 5 June, Brazil’s petrol fuels regulator ANP announced that it would hold a public consultation to determine how often fuel prices are updated.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 5 June 2018

Development: From 3-4 June, 25 buses were burnt in the Brazilian state of Minas Gerais.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 4 June 2018

Development: On 1 June, Brazil's President Michel Temer appointed Ivan Monteiro as the new head of state-owned oil company Petrobras.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 01 June 2018

Development: On 31 May, Brazil began to return to normal after oil workers cancelled their planned walkout and the lorry drivers’ strike also died down.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 31 May 2018

Development: On 30 May, oil workers’ union the Federação Única dos Petroleiros (FUP) organised a three-day strike.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 30 May 2018

Development: On 30 May, Brazil's superior labour court (TST) declared the strike called by workers at state-owned oil company Petrobras illegal.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 29 May 2018

Development: On 28 May, the Brazilian government's chief-of-staff Eliseu Padilha said that the lorry drivers’ strike over fuel prices was beginning to subside.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 25 May 2018

Development: On 24 May, the Brazilian government announced that it had reached an agreement with some unionised lorry drivers to call off the strike they have been holding for at least 15 days.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 24 May 2018

Development: On 23 May, Brazil’s state-owned oil company Petrobras agreed to lower diesel prices by 10% after three days of strikes from lorry drivers protesting over fuel prices.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 23 May 2018

Development: Under pressure from his party, the Movimento Democrático Brasileiro (MDB), Brazil's President Michel Temer gave up his electoral ambitions and backed his former finance minister Henrique Meirelles to run for the presidency in the October general election.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 22 May 2018

Development: On 21 May, the Brazilian government's chief-of-staff Eliseu Padilha said the government was looking for ways to make diesel prices more predictable after lorry drivers went on strike.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 21 May 2018

Development: On 18 May, Brazil’s lorry drivers’ association (Abcam) announced they would stage a general strike today (21 May) to campaign for lower fuel prices.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 18 May 2018

Development: On 17 May Brazil's foreign minister, Aloysio Nunes, vehemently rejected calls from a small group of European former leaders to release Brazil's jailed former president Lula da Silva (2003-2011) of the leftist Partido dos Trabalhadores (PT).

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 17 May 2018

Development: On 16 May, the board of directors for the legislative assembly in Brazil's southern state of Minas Gerais (ALMG) launched impeachment proceedings against state governor Fernando Pimentel from the leftist Partido dos Trabalhadores (PT).

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 16 May 2018

Development: On 15 May, Brazil's federal pbulic ministry (MPF) accused Joesley Batista, the CEO of holding company J&F Investimentos and head of meatpacking company JBS, of bribing a judge to save one of his businesses.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 15 May 2018

Development: On 14 May, Brazil's state-run oil company Petrobras confirmed it had filed an injunction against eight Brazilian banks who are accused of market manipulation.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 14 May 2018

Development: A 25-year-old motorcyclist, Diego Augusto Ferreira, was gunned down on 12 May by a member of Brazil’s armed forces during a raid in the Vila Militar favela, in western zone of the city of Rio de Janeiro.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 11 May 2018

Development: On 10 May, Brazil's minister for public security Raul Jungmann said that the results of an investigation into the murder of Rio de Janeiro city councillor Marielle Franco from the leftist Partido Socialismo e Liberdade (PSOL) and her driver Anderson Gomes would be released “soon”.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 10 May 2018

Development: On 9 May opposition legislators in Argentina’s federal chamber of deputies criticised the decision by the government led by President Mauricio Macri to negotiate the establishment of a new contingency credit line with the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and demanded that any deal be debated by congress.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 09 May 2018

Development: On 8 May, the former head of Brazil’s supreme court (STF) Joaquim Barbosa from the centre-left Partido Socialista Brasileira (PSB) said he would not be running for the presidency.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 08 May 2018

Development: On 7 May, supreme court (STF) judge Luís Roberto Barroso extended an investigation into whether Brazil's President Michel Temer approved a ports decree in exchange for bribes.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 04 May 2018

Development: On 3 May, the 11 justices in Brazil's supreme court (STF) voted unanimously to remove the special legal status granted to federal legislators known as 'foro privelegiado'.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 03 May 2018

Development: On 2 May, Brazil’s federal congress agreed to free up R$1.5bn (US$424m) in loan guarantees to cover defaults from Mozambique and Venezuela.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 02 May 2018

Development: On 1 May, thousands of protesters campaigned to free Brazil's jailed former president Lula da Silva (2003-2011) from the leftist Partido dos Trabalhadores (PT) on International Labour Day.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 1 May 2018

Development: On 30 April, Brazil’s attorney general's office (PGR) accused jailed former president Lula da Silva (2003-2011) and other senior members of the leftist opposition Partido dos Trabalhadores (PT) of money laundering and corruption.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 30 April 2018

Development: On 29 April, police moved to reinforce security in Brazil's southern state of Paraná after two supporters from the leftist Partido dos Trabalhadores (PT) were attacked.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 27 April 2018

Development: On 26 April, the federal intervention security committee decided to take down 19 of the 38 police pacification units (UPPs) in Brazil's Rio de Janeiro state.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 26 April 2018

Development: On 25 April, Brazil’s federal public ministry (MPF) filed a lawsuit against US technology firm, Microsoft, to stop its 'Windows 10' operating system from automatically collecting users’ data.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 25 April 2018

Development: On 24 April, supreme court judge and head of Brazil’s electoral court (TSE) Luiz Fux said the results of Brazil’s October general election could be challenged if a candidate used fake news to beat their rivals.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 24 April 2018

Development: On 23 April, Brazil's justice ministry confirmed that Wallace Moreira Bastos would be the new head of the indigenous agency (Funai) while elsewhere in the capital, Brasília, hundreds of indigenous leaders campaigned for their human rights.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 23 April 2018

Development: On 22 April, Paraguay’s electoral authorities (TSJE) declared Mario ‘Marito’ Abdo Benítez, the candidate of the ruling Asociación Nacional Republicana-Partido Colorado (ANR-PC), as the virtual winner of the presidential election held on the same day.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 20 April 2018

Development: On 19 April the official campaigning period ahead of Paraguay’s 22 April general election closed with the two main presidential candidates holding large campaign closing rallies.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 19 April 2018

Development: On 18 April, the Brazilian government gave US social media firm, Facebook, 10 days to respond to questions about data security of its users.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 18 April 2018

Development: On 17 April, justices in Brazil’s supreme court (STF) said that Senator Aécio Neves from the centre-right opposition Partido da Social Democracia Brasileira (PSDB) should stand trial for corruption.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 17 April 2018

Development: On 16 April, eight prisoners fled and seven were injured during a riot at the Centro de Recuperação Regional de Bragança (CRRB) prison in Brazil's north-eastern state of Pará.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 16 April 2018

Development: In the latest DataFolha poll published on 15 April, voting intentions for Brazil's jailed former president Lula da Silva (2003-2011) in the presidential race fell, while support for former supreme court (STF) judge Joaquim Barbosa soared.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 13 April 2018

Development: On 12 April, an investigative report by Brazilian daily, Folha de São Paulo, found that President Michel Temer’s daughter Maristela may have used bribes from meatpacking firm JBS to develop her property.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 12 April 2018

Development: On 11 April Paraguay’s supreme court (CSJ) dismissed a constitutional complaint filed by the political opposition that sought to stop President Horacio Cartes from being allowed to run for a senate seat in the 22 April general election.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 11 April 2018

Development: On 10 April, Brazil's President Michel Temer from the ruling Movimento Democrático Brasileiro (MDB) swore in 10 new ministers.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 10 April 2018

Development: On 9 April, Brazilian police began investigating the killing of political advisor Carlos Alexandre Pereira Maria, after his boss gave evidence about the presumed assassination of Rio de Janeiro city councillor Marielle Franco last month.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 9 April 2018

* Brazil’s President Michel Temer named one of his key allies, former chief cabinet secretary Wellington Moreira Franco, as his new energy & mines minister.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 06 April 2018

Development: On 5 April, federal judge Sérgio Moro wasted no time in ratifying former president Lula da Silva’s 12-year jail sentence.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 05 April 2018

Development: During the early hours of 5 April, the majority of Brazil's supreme court (STF) justices rejected former president Lula da Silva’s (2003-2011) plea to remain a free man while he appeals a corruption conviction.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 4 April 2018

Development: On 3 April, protestors for and against sending Brazil's former president Lula da Silva (2003-2011) to jail took to the streets ahead of an important ruling from the supreme court (STF) scheduled for later today (4 April).

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 3 April 2018

Development: On 2 April, Brazil's President Michel Temer appointed Gilberto Occhi as his new health minister and Valter Casimiro Silveira as transport minister, as part of a larger cabinet reshuffle.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 29 March 2018

Development: On 28 March Brazil’s President Michel Temer condemned the attacks launched against the campaign caravan of former president Lula da Silva (2003-2011) and the death threats received by supreme court (STF) justice Edson Fachin, saying that they bode ill for the upcoming campaign for the 7 October general election.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 28 March 2018

Development: On 27 March, the public security secretariat of Brazil’s Rio de Janeiro state reported that 24 people had been arrested following a military-police operation carried out in the state capital on the same day.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 27 March 2018

Development: On 26 March, the São Paulo stock exchange rose on increased odds that Finance Minister Henrique Meirelles could be running for the presidency in Brazil's October general election.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 26 March 2018

Development: On 25 March, military police arrested six suspects in connection with a series of arson attacks in Brazil's north-eastern state of Ceará.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 23 March 2018

Development: On 22 March, Brazil’s supreme court (STF) ruled that the leftist Partido dos Trabalhadores (PT) leader Lula da Silva could not be jailed until at least 4 April.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 22 March 2018

Development: On 21 March, a federal court in Brasília (MPDFT) announced it would investigate whether British firm Cambridge Analytica was using Facebook data to influence voter intentions ahead of Brazil's October general election.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 21 March 2018

Development: On 20 March, Brazil's President Michel Temer told his Colombian counterpart, Juan Manuel Santos, that the “climate” and “conditions” were ripe for a trade deal between the Southern Common Market (Mercosur) and the Pacific Alliance.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 20 March 2018

Development: On 19 March, Brazil’s supreme court (STF) announced that it is due to discuss today (20 March) whether to re-examine a previous ruling that determined that convicts who have lost their appeals can be jailed.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 19 March 2018

Development: On 17 March, Paraguay’s political opposition and civil-society groups expressed their repudiation of a new constitutional reform bill approved by the national congress, which seeks to make it more difficult for national legislators to be impeached. 

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 16 March 2018

Development: On 15 March, tens of thousands of Brazilians protested against the killing Rio de Janeiro city councillor and human rights activist, Marielle Franco, from the leftist Partido Socialismo e Liberdade (PSOL).

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 15 March 2018

Development: On 14 March, Marielle Franco, a city councillor in Rio de Janeiro for Brazil's left-wing Partido Socialismo e Liberdade (PSOL), was killed in Estácio neighbourhood, near the centre of Rio de Janeiro city.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 14 March 2018

Development: On 13 March, the government’s leader in Brazil's federal senate, Romero Jucá from the ruling Movimento Democrático Brasileiro (MDB) party, was indicted for corruption and money laundering.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 13 March 2018

Development: On 12 March, the Costa Rica-based Inter-American Court of Human Rights (Corte-IDH) ruled against the Brazilian state for failing in its constitutional duty to protect the Xucuru indigenous people.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 12 March 2018

Development: On 10 March, Brazil's leftist Partido Socialismo e Liberdade (PSOL) named Guilherme Boulos from the landless movement Movimento dos Trabalhadores sem Teto (MTST) as its pre-presidential candidate.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 09 March 2018

Development: On 8 March, centre-right party Democratas (DEM) confirmed that the head of Brazil's chamber of deputies, Rodrigo Maia, would be its pre-presidential candidate.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 08 March 2018

Development: On 7 March, hundreds of people protested against a bill that seeks to decriminalise abortion, which is pending debate in Argentina's federal congress and should be put to the floor within weeks.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 7 March 2018

Development: On 5 March, Brazil’s supreme court of justice (STJ), the top appellate court, turned down a preventative habeas corpus request put forward by the defence lawyers for former president Lula da Silva.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 6 March 2018

Development: On 5 March, the former CEO of local meat processing company BRF, Pedro de Andrade Faria, was jailed along with nine others is the latest phase of ‘Operation Weak Flesh’.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 05 March 2018

Development: On 3 March, Brazil’s government secretary, Carlos Marun, criticised a decision by a supreme court (STF) judge to open an investigation on President Michel Temer over illicit funds given by local engineering firm Odebrecht to his centre-right Movimento Democrático Brasil (MDB) party between 2013 and 2015.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 02 March 2018

Development: On 1 March, the head of Venezuela’s national electoral council (CNE), Tibisay Lucena, announced that presidential elections would be put back to 20 May.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 01 March 2018

Development: On 28 February, Brazil's federal chamber of deputies approved a bill to regulate app-based transport services such as Cabify and Uber.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 28 February 2018

Development: On 27 Feburary In his first move as head of Brazil's newly created public security ministry, Raul Jungmann, dismissed the head of the federal police, Fernando Segovia.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 27 February 2018

Development: On 26 February, Brazil’s President Michel Temer approved the creation of a new public security ministry, which will be headed by current defence minister Raúl Jungmann.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 26 February 2018

Development: On 25 February, over 400 people protested for peace, justice and security following a wave of violence in Brazil's southern state of Rio de Janeiro.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 23 February 2018

Development: During an event in São Paulo to commemorate 38 years of the Partido dos Trabalhadores (PT), leaders discussed the future of the Left ahead of this year’s general election.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 22 February 2018

Development: On 21 February an estimated 85,000 people took part in a march in central Buenos Aires organised by Hugo Moyano, arguably Argentina’s most powerful trade union leader of the last 30 years, against the government led by President Mauricio Macri.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 21 February 2018

Development: On 21 February, congress approved a decree putting the military in charge of state security operations to combat crime in Rio de Janeiro.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 20 February 2018

Development: On 19 February, human rights minister Luislinda Valois was sacked by chief-of staff Eliseu Padilha.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 19 February 2018

Development: On 18 December, 18 people were taken hostage during a prison riot at the Milton Dias penitentiary in Baixada Fluminense region, Rio de Janeiro state.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 16 February 2018

Development: On 16 February, the Brazilian government will publish an emergency decree putting the army in control of civil and military police operations in Rio de Janeiro.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 15 February 2018

Development: On 14 February, Brazil’s prosecutor general’s office (PGR) defended the decision by a supreme court judge to deny former president Lula da Silva from the leftist Partido dos Trabalhadores (PT) a writ of habeas corpus.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 14 February 2018

Development: On 13 February, samba school Beija Flor staged a parade to draw attention to growing violence in Brazil's Rio de Janeiro city.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 13 February 2018

Development: On 12 February, Brazil’s President Michel Temer travelled to Roraima with a team of ministers and agreed to send federal resources and a task force to the northern state which is grappling with an influx of immigrants from Venezuela.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 12 February 2018

Development: On 10 February, a supreme court (STF) judge asked Brazil's federal police chief, Fernando Segóvia, to clarify his comments after he told newswire Reuters there was no evidence in the port bribery case against President Michel Temer.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 09 February 2018

Development: On 8 January, Brazil’s secretary general of the presidency, Wellington Moreira Franco, met the head of the federal anti-trust regulator (Cade), Alexandre Barreto, to discuss ways to stop oil and gas companies from forming cartels.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 08 February 2018

Development: On 7 January, during a party meeting of Brazil's centre-right opposition Partido da Social Democracia Brasileira (PSDB), São Paulo mayor João Doria signalled he wanted to succeed his political mentor Geraldo Alckmin as governor for São Paulo state.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 7 February 2018

Development: On 6 February, a Brazilian federal appeals court (TRF-4) in Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul state, published a verdict sentencing former president Lula da Silva (2003-2011) from the leftist Partido dos Trabalhadores (PT) to 12 years 1 month in jail.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 6 February 2018

Development: On 5 February, São Paulo state judge Manoel de Queiroz Pereira Calças admitted that judges were receiving housing benefits as a kind of “indirect salary” in addition to their wage.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 5 February 2018

Development: On 4 January, a federal court in Brazil's São Paulo state (TRF-3) ruled that a ship containing 25,000 cattle could set sail after it was detained at Brazil’s biggest port, Santos, over concerns that the animals were being mistreated.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 02 February 2018

Development: On 1 February, classes had to be suspended at a school in the city of Rio de Janeiro after a criminal broke into the school.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 01 February 2018

Development: On 31 January, Brazil’s main trade unions called a for strike on 19 February to oppose the government's pension reform.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 31 January 2018

Development: On 30 January, a judge from Brazil’s supreme court (STF) rejected a request from the leftist Partido dos Trabalhadores (PT) to block the arrest of former president Lula da Silva (2003-2011) for corruption and money laundering.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 30 January 2018

Development: Clashes between inmates left 10 dead and two injured at a prison in the North-Eastern state of Ceará.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 29 January 2018

Development: On 28 January, police identified five suspects behind a killing at a nightclub where 14 people died in Fortaleza, capital of Brazil's north-eastern state of Ceará.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 26 January 2018

Development: On 26 January, Brazil's former president Lula da Silva (2003-2011) from the leftist opposition Partido dos Trabalhadores (PT) said he would still run in this year’s general election after being convicted of corruption and money laundering.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 25 January 2018

Development: On 24 January, judges at appeals court TRF-4 voted unanimously voted to uphold a conviction against Brazil’s former president Lula da Silva (2003-2011), from the leftist Partido dos Trabalhadores (PT), for money laundering and corruption.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 24 January 2018

Development: On 23 January, Chile's president-elect Sebastián Piñera, of the opposition Chile Vamos coalition, unveiled his 23-member cabinet.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 23 January 2018

Development: On 22 January, protestors turned out across Brazil demonstrating for and against former president Lula da Silva (2003-2011), of the lefist Partido dos Trabalhadores (PT), ahead of the beginning of his trial tomorrow (24 January).

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 22 January 2018

Development: On 21 January, Brazil’s justice ministry released a statement confirming that the government of Roraima state will investigate all aspects of the 19 January breakout from the Penitenciária Agrícola de Monte Cristo (PAMC) prison in which 92 prisoners escaped through a tunnel.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 19 January 2018

Development: On 18 January, Brazil's President Michel Temer answered a police questionnaire about his alleged participation in a corruption and money laundering scheme, even though he was not legally obliged to do so.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 18 January 2018

Development: On 17 January the president of Brazil's leftist opposition Partido dos Trabalhadores (PT), Gleisi Hoffman, called for protests outside former president Lula da Silva’s (2003-2011) upcoming trial on 24 January to remain peaceful.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 17 January 2018

Development: On 16 January, Brazil's President Michel Temer suspended four of the 12 vice presidents at state-owned bank Caixa Econômica Federal (CEF), who were appointed by politicians and are now being investigated for corruption.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 16 January 2018

Development: On 15 January, the president of a regional appeals court TRF-4, Carlos Eduardo Thompson Flores, met the head of Brazil’s supreme court (STF), Cármen Lúcia Antunes, to discuss security precautions ahead of the hearing for former president Lula da Silva (2003-2011).

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 12 January 2018

Development: On 11 January, international credit ratings agency Standard and Poor’s (S&P) downgraded Brazil’s credit rating as President Michel Temer’s fiscal reforms begin to lose momentum.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 11 January 2018

Development: On 10 January, Brazil's centre-right party Democratas (DEM) said it would nominate the head of the federal chamber of deputies Rodrigo Maia as a presidential candidate for the October general election.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 10 January 2018

Development: On 9 January civil and military police in Brazil's Rio Grande do Norte state agreed to go back to work following a strike lasting over 20 days.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 9 January 2018

Development: On 8 January, a federal judge suspended a swearing in ceremony for Brazil's new labour minister Cristiane Brasil scheduled for later today (9 January), declaring her morally unfit for the post.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 08 January 2018

Development: On 6 December, Brazil's President Michel Temer received 50 questions from the federal police concerning irregularities in a ports decree.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 5 January 2018

* Brazil’s industry & trade ministry (MDIC) has reported that Brazil exported roughly the same amount of meat in 2017 as it did in 2016.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 04 January 2018

Development: On 3 January, Brazil's industry & foreign trade minister, Marcos Pereira, resigned to run for a position in the federal chamber of deputies in this year’s general election.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 03 January 2018

Development: On 2 January, Brazil's President Michel Temer promulgated into law the 2018 national budget bill for an estimated R$3.5tn (US$1.07tn), which includes a partial veto on the education budget.

LatinNews Regional Monitor: Brazil & Southern Cone - 2 January 2018

Development: On 1 January, nine prisoners were killed, 14 injured, and dozens escaped following clashes at the Aparecida de Goiânia prison complex in Brazil's violent state of Goiás.